Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR) study by Pamela V. Valentine, PhD was cited in “Conceptual Model to Guide Practice and Research in the Development of Trauma Interventions for Men Releasing from Incarceration” (Working Paper #CI080316) by Carrie Pettus-Davis, MSW, PhD, Tanya Renn, MSW, MPH, PhD., and Robert Motley, MSW. All three authors are associated w Washington University in St. Louis and the paper was produced under the auspices of the Concordance Institute for Advancing Social Justice (George Warren Brown School of Social Work). Here’s a snippet (emphasis is mine):
In a randomized control trial with 123 female prisoners, the effectiveness of Traumatic Incident Reduction Therapy was examined (Valentine & Smith, 2001). Women who received the Traumatic Incident Reduction Therapy had significantly greater improvement in PTSD, anxiety, depression, and the expectation of success (Valentine & Smith, 2001).
Valentine, P. V., & Smith, T. E. (2001). Evaluating traumatic incident reduction therapy with female inmates: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Research on Social Work Practice, 11, 40-52. doi:10.1177/104973150101100103